A casual friendship or relationship is characterized by someone you have known for a long time, maybe someone from school, the neighborhood or a close relative as opposed to a formal relationship which might be a superior in your business, a member of a prestigious club, or a distant relative or acquaintance. A casual meeting might be just to offer ideas or to build cohesion or unity.
A formal meeting might be to discuss something really important like the direction of the company or the unveiling of a new product, classes you need to complete a major or degree, or a talk with the doctor about an illness. Well, the same is true when you speak English. You need to know casual English because you want to be able to understand and communicate with English speakers in everyday situations by osinyemi.
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Likewise, you need to know formal English because you want to be able to read a book, give a business presentation, or write an official letter. Casual language is used a lot around those you know well. It is a carefree way of speaking and one in which those who know you can easily understand or relate to. There are many slang expressions used in everyday conversations and these phrases change over time.
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With the explosion into the technological era leading to more frequent conversations, more and more slang words are added each day to the English language. It is also appropriate to use casual language when writing blogs, tweets, and advertisements. You may use casual language when you want to get to know someone on a more personal level or you want the person to feel at ease. You also use formal language in academic papers and official documents and speeches, books, news reports, articles and business letters.
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You may tend to use more formal language if you want to stress a point or convey authority or when you need to be strict. Here are some tips that can help you. If you listen and observe others in conversation, you will be able to tell what type of communication matches the situation.
You can also think of patterns. Listen to this conversation between Christine and Tara, who share an apartment, to learn some of the common phrases used for arguing. One of the most difficult social situations — for both native and non-native English speakers — is knowing what to say when someone tells you a piece of bad news. Knowing how to interrupt is an important skill in social English.
As you learned in the last lesson, the words you use make a big difference in whether your phrase is polite or impolite.
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Everyday spoken English contains lots of little expressions like wow, oops, aww, ooh, huh? Euphemisms are indirect or vague expressions that are often used instead of words or phrases that are thought to be offensive or too direct. Most euphemisms are in topic areas that could be offensive if talked about too directly, such as love and sex, bodily functions, death, and mental capacity. Kate mistakes a person in the supermarket for a friend of hers — and Jen tries to decide between two very different universities.
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These two dialogues will teach you various expressions for talking about similarities and differences. How can you talk about easy and difficult decisions in English? And what are some phrases for evaluating a decision after it was made? When we want to make a complaint or criticism in English, we often use specific words or phrases to make it politer and less direct. What are discourse markers? Idioms are small phrases that often have a different meaning than their individual words.
Although idioms are not usually used in more formal written English, they are extremely common in spoken English — and we have a number of idioms to describe feelings and emotions.
Rachel finally walks in the door at AM. This is often one of the most difficult grammar challenges for English learners. We use the second conditional and third conditional to do it. There are some real differences between written and spoken English in terms of vocabulary and grammar.
Spoken English Tip 1: Learn phrases, not just individual words Learn phrases to help you speak naturally. Learn English for daily life. Learn social English. Do you speak English? Taler du engelsk? Do you speak Danish? Taler du dansk? Speak to me in Danish Du kan snakke dansk til mig inf Du kan tale dansk med mig inf I kan snakke dansk til mig frm I kan tale dansk med mig frm How do you say Hvordan siger du Excuse me Undskyld mig!
How much is this? Hvad koster det? Hvor meget koster det? Sorry Undskyld! Thank you Tak Mange tak Tusind tak thousand thanks Tak for Hvor er toilettet?
This gentleman will pay for everything Denne herre betaler for alt This lady will pay for everything Denne dame betaler for alt Would you like to dance with me? Vil du danse med mig? Do you come here often? Kommer du her ofte? Leave me alone! Call the police!
Ring efter politiet! Notes by Henrik Dalsager Please as a polite way of requesting assistance, or as a polite way of ending a sentence, that may have started neutrally, to provide a cultural gesture, does not exist in Danish.